LITERATURE IN ENGLISH GENERAL OBJECTIVES The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Literature in English is to prepare the candidates for the Board's examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to: 1.Stimulate and sustain their interest in Literature in English; 2.Create an awareness of the general principles and functions of language; 3.Appreciate literary works of all genres and across all cultures; 4.Apply the knowledge of Literature in English to the analysis of social, political and economic events in the society. DETAILED SYLLABUS TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES 1. DRAMA a. Types: i. Tragedy ii. Comedy iii. Tragicomedy iv. Melodrama v. Farce b. Dramatic Techniques i. Characterisation ii. Dialogue iii. Flashback iv. Mime v. Costume vi. Music/Dance vii. Décor viii. Acts/Scenes ix. Soliloquy/aside etc. c. Interpretation of the PrescribedTexts i. Theme ii. Plot iii. Socio-political context OBJECTIVES Candidates should be able to: i. identify the various types of drama; ii. analyse the contents of the various types of drama; iii. compare and contrast the features of different dramatic types; iv. demonstrate adequate knowledge of dramatic techniques used in each prescribed text; v. differentiate between styles of selected playwrights; vi. determine the theme of any prescribed text; vii. identify the plot of the play; viii. apply the lessons of the play to everyday living. TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES 2. PROSE a. Types: i. Fiction Novel Novella Short story . ii. Non-fiction Biography Autobiography Memoir b. Narrative Techniques/Devices: i. Point of view Omni scent/ThirdPerson First Person ii: Setting Temporal Spatial/Geographical iii. Characterisation Round characters . Flat characters iv. Language use c. Textual Analysise i. Theme ii. Plot iii. Socio-political context; OBJECTIVES Candidates should be able to: i. differentiate between types of prose; ii. identify the category that each prescribed text belongs to; iii. analyse the components of each type of prose; iv. identify the narrative techniques used in each of the prescribed texts; v. determine an author's narrative style; vi. distinguish between one type of character from another, vii. determine the thematic pre- occupation of the author of the prescribed text; viii. indicate the plot of the novel; ix. relate the prescribed text to real life situations. TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES 3. POETRY a. Types: i. Sonnet ii. Ode iii. Lyrics iv. Elegy v. Ballad vi. Panegyric vii. Epic viii. Blank Verse b. PoeticDevices i. Sructure ii. Imagery iii. Rhyme/Rhythm iv. Diction v. Personal c. Appreciation. i. Thematic preoccupation ii. Socio-political relevance OBJECTIVES Candidates should be able to: i. identify different types of poetry; ii. compare and contrast features of different poetic types: iii. determine the devices used by various poets; iv. show how poetic devices are usedfor aesthetic effect in each poem; v. deduce the poet's preoccupation from the poem; vi. appraise poetry as an art with moral values; vii. apply the lessons from the poem to real life situations. TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES 4. GENERAL LITERACY PRINCIPLES a. Literary terms: foreshadowing, suspense, theatre, monoloque, dialoque, soliloquy, symbolism, protagonist, ntagonist, figures of speech, satire, stream of consciousness etc, in addition to those listed above under the different genres. b. Relationship between literary terms and principles. OBJECTIVE Candidates should be able to: i. identify literary terms in drama, prose and poetry; ii. differentiate between literaryterms and principles; iii. use literary terms appropriately. TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES 5. LITERARY APPRECIATION Unseen passage/extracts from Drama, Prose and Poetry. OBJECTIVES Candidates should be able to: i. determine literary devices used in a given passage/extract; ii. provide a meaningful inter- pretation of the given passage/extract; iii. relate the extract to true life experiences. Literature in English A LIST OF SELECTED AFRICAN AND NON-AFRICAN PLAYS, NOVELS AND POEMS DRAMA: African: i. JC De Craft: Sons and Daughters, UPL Non-African: i. William Shakespeare: Romeo and Juliet, Newswan POETRY: African: i. Buchi Emecheta: The Joys of Motherhood, Heinemann ii. Ferdinand Oyono: The Old Man and the Medal, Heinenmann Non-African: George Orwell: Nineteen Eighty Four, Newswan POETRY: African: i. Adeoti Gbemisola: 'Naked Soles' ii. D. Rubadiri: 'An African Thunderstorm' iii.Kobcna Eyi Acquah: 'In the novel of the Soul' iv.Mazisi Kunene: 'Heritage of Liberation' v. Okinba Launko: 'End of the War' vi.Traditional: 'Give me the Minstrel's Seat' Non-African: i. Andrew Mabel: 'To His Coy Mistress' ii. D.H.Lawrence: 'Bat' iii. T. S. Elliot: 'The Journey of the Magi' iv. Wendy Cope: 'Sonnet' Literature in English RECOMMENDED TEXTS 1.ANTHOLOGIES Gbemisola, A. (2005) Naked Soles, Ibadan Kraft Eruvbctine, A. E. ct al (1991) Poetry for Secondary Schools, Lagos: Longman Hayward. J. (cd.) (1968) The Penguin Book of English Verse, London Penguin Johnson, R. et al (eds.) (1996) New Poetry from Africa, Ibadan: UP Pic Kermode, F. et al (1964) Oxford Anthology of English Literature, Vol. II, London: OUP Launko, O. (1987) Minted Coins, Ibadan: Heinemann Senanu, K. E. and Vincent* T. (eds.) (1993) A Selection of African Poetry, Lagos: Longman Sonyinka, W. (ed.) (1987) Poems of Black Africa, Ibadan: Heinemann Wendy Cope (1986) Making Cocoa for Kingsley Amis, London: Faber and Faber 2.CRITICAL TEXTS Abrams, M. H. (1981) A. Glossary of Literary Terms, (4th Edition) New York, Holt Rinehalt and Winston Emeaba, O. E. (1982) A Dictionary of Literature, Aba: Inteks Press Murphy, M. J. (1972) Understanding Unseen, An Introduction to English Poetry and English Novel forOverseas Students, George Allen and Unwin Ltd. Nwachukwu-Agbada. J. O. J. (2005) Exam Focus: Literature in English, Ibadan: UP Pic.